The diagnostic test consists in detecting the presence of DNA of a protozoan Toxoplasma gondii causing toxoplasmosis. In Poland, it is estimated that 50%-70% of people in the entire population are infected with this pathogen. The infection is mostly asymptomatic, it may develop, among others, because of eating raw or semi-raw meat, during work with infectious material (through damaged skin or mucous membrane), during blood transfusion or transplantation of organs coming from infected people.
There are two types of toxoplasmosis: acquired and congenital. In case of the acquired toxoplasmosis the following forms are differentiated: nodular, general and ocular. The most frequent symptoms include: lymphadenopathy, muscle pains, feeling weak, myocardium disorder, hepatitis, vision disorders, photophobia. Congenital toxoplasmosis develops as a result of embryo or fetus infection transmitted by a mother before or during pregnancy.
Depending on the pregnancy trimester, it may end up with a miscarriage, premature birth or damages to internal organs of a fetus. Also microcephaly, hydrocephalus, mental and psychomotor disorders as well as hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia, anemia and jaundice can be developed. Serious health disorders may come up in case of reducing organism's immunity because of AIDS, neoplasm or immunosuppressant treatment.
Test material: whole blood (EDTA), cerebrospinal fluid
Transfer method: temp. 4-8°C
Testing method: Real-Time PCR
Delivery date: up to 7 working days (for an extra fee /200zl/ the delivery date is up to 48 hours after delivery sample to the laboratory)